Common Landlord Laws
This article will quickly introduce the reader to some common landlord laws that are applicable generally, throughout the United States. However, the reader must understand that landlord laws vary slightly from state to state and there might be some marginal or housekeeping differences in the tenancy legislation across the country. However, as mentioned earlier, the summary of landlord laws below is generally applicable to any state in the U.S.
Discrimination – landlord laws – The landlord laws in all states will prohibit landlords from discriminating against tenants and potential tenants. In other words, a landlord cannot deny a rental property for reasons that are purely based on personal prejudice and bias against factors such as race, sex, color, country of origin etc. The landlord laws in most states will also prohibit discrimination against handicapped and blind people and some landlord laws will require landlords to make reasonable modifications to a rental property in order to make it habitable for a handicapped person.
Privacy – landlord laws – Though a landlord owns the rental property, landlord laws in relation to privacy will simply not allow them to barge into a rental property at any time they wish. Landlord laws will require landlords to provide a written notice of entry before going into the rental premises and landlord laws will usually also specify that landlords can only enter for valid reasons and only during reasonable hours that do not disturb the peace of the tenant. However, landlord laws in relation to privacy will not apply in the case of an emergency such as a fire and the landlord will be allowed to enter a rental premises without any notice at all.
Habitability – landlord laws – As a pre requirement for renting and as an ongoing condition for rent collection, landlord laws will require apartments to be maintained in a habitable condition that will have heat, running water, good plumbing, good doors and windows, smoke detectors and so on. If a landlord fails to provide a habitable environment for the tenant, landlord laws will usually allow the tenant to withhold rent payments or pay a reduced amount of rent until the necessary repairs are carried out to bring back the rental premises in a habitable condition.
Notice to evict and eviction procedures – landlord laws – A landlord cannot evict a tenant on a fixed lease for just any reason. The landlord laws of the state will usually specify a number of reasons that will provide grounds for eviction. Nonpayment of rent and a breach of the terms of a lease agreement are the most common reason. Before a landlord can initiate eviction procedures, they will usually be required to provide a notice to quit to the tenants that will inform the tenants that eviction proceedings are just about to be initiated against them. This notice to quit will usually give the tenant about 3-7 days of time to take measures to stop the eviction process. If there is no action on the part of the tenant, the landlord should pursue an eviction case in court.
landlord tenants association
Landlord Tenants Association – How to Form a Landlord Tenants Association?
A landlord tenants association is a body that is created by tenants in a rental community. Some cities and local jurisdictions might have a common landlord tenants association that any tenant in the same jurisdiction can join. Tenants will also have the opportunity to create a landlord tenants association for their individual rental building if they choose to and more about this will be explained in the article below. Being a part of a landlord tenants association will give a tenant a tremendous amount of leverage against landlords who are slacking in their duties. Landlords generally react much faster to a landlord tenants association that might have 50 members on its roster while they might take their own sweet time to respond to the individual complaints of just one tenant.
Creating a landlord tenants association – landlord tenants association – If a tenant cannot find a local landlord tenants association that they can join, they can always take an effort to create a landlord tenants association in their own building. It will be sufficient to create the landlord tenants association with just a simple majority of votes in the tenant building. However, it can sometimes be tough to get the participation of other tenants in the building who will generally be averse to the idea of public meetings. But, the person trying to initiate the landlord tenants association must use some persistence to get the creation of the landlord tenants association off the ground. This can be done by inviting tenants to join by telling them that the landlord tenants association is being formed for their own good and that it will address certain problems that are faced by the general renting community.
The first meeting – landlord tenants association – Once the majority of tenants have agreed to join, it is very important to record the creation of the landlord tenants association in writing. To do this, one will simply have to type up a document that mentions the creation of the landlord tenants association. The next step will be to seek the dated signatures of all the attending members. The contact information of each member must also be collected. Once this is done, the meeting can be used to discuss the problems being faced in the rental community. Problems like bad maintenance, illegal activities, inadequate heating etc can be addressed and put down on paper. It might also be useful for the association to appoint a spokesperson that will represent all the tenants.
Approaching the landlords – landlord tenants association – If one has come this far, it would be safe to say that they have a pretty powerful weapon against the landlord in the form of a signed document with member signatures and complaints. The spokesperson will have to meet with the landlord and inform them of the creation of the association. The landlord will usually be intimidated by the creation of an association as they will know that they will stand a very poor chance if they go to court. To avoid going to courts, landlords will take drastic efforts to perform their duties and the association will thus be successful with their objectives.