If You Are Unsure, Check The Rental Law In Your City
Every city and/or state has different rental law when it comes to property. Any person who is thinking of renting an apartment or a house owes it to themselves to check into the different laws in the state and municipality where they intend to live. Taking just a little bit of time to do this before entering into a lease agreement can potentially save a great deal of heartache and stress later on should some type of conflict arise with their landlord.
In every rental law there are terms and conditions which both the landlord and the tenant are obligated to follow in detail. The first thing a potential tenant is likely to encounter with an unethical landlord is some form of discrimination. It is against federal law for any landlord to discriminate against any potential tenant on the basis of sex, religion, gender, sexual orientation or disability. Any tenant who feels that they have been discriminated against by any landlord that they have dealt with is able to file a complaint with a federal agency called HUD which stands for Housing and Urban Development. They have a website and complaints can be filed there. A tenant does not need a lawyer in order to file a complaint. Once the complaint has been received HUD will investigate it thoroughly. If the landlord is found guilty, he or she can be assessed with a fine.
Rental law in nearly every state of the union dictates that all rental units be safe and in a habitable condition. Each unit must contain all the basic amenities like an adequate water supply, electricity and heat and be clean and sanitary when the tenant takes possession of the unit.
A landlord who asks for a security deposit may charge only a certain amount, usually the equivalent of two months rent for an unfurnished apartment and three months for a furnished unit. Security deposits are allowed by law as a form of protection for a landlord in the even that the tenant does not pay their rent or causes damage to the unit which the landlord must then repair.
Rental law in nearly every state dictates that an apartment or house that is being rented be rented under the terms of a lease agreement. These should always be completed in writing with the landlord and the tenant each retaining a signed copy. In units that are furnished, an inventory of the contents should be completed when the tenant first moves in. Again, both the landlord and the tenant should retain a copy of this inventory.
The Colorado home rental law is clear on the issue with regard to peaceful asset enjoyment. The landlord is not allowed to enter the asset without an express permission from the tenant throughout the period of the lease agreement. The only exceptions to this rule can occur when the landlord has to question rent and when they have to make emergency repairs to the property.
Landlords are usually only permitted to evict tenants for one of three reasons. In almost all cases, the landlord must first go to court and obtain an eviction order after presenting his evidence to a judge. Landlords are always prohibited from locking tenants out of their apartments as a way of forcing an eviction.