A rental contract should usually be a simple one where landlord provides a tenant with a great apartment while the tenant will provide the landlord with timely rent payments. However, the reality is that there are several disputes and conflicts in many rental arrangements across the nation. This article will discuss the context of some of these common disputes and will also provide information on landlord tenant rights that will help avoid such conflicts. It is very important for both tenants and landlords to be fully aware of landlord tenant rights that are available to them in their jurisdiction. The United States of America has different landlord tenant rights in every state and the landlord tenant rights will even vary from city to city in some cases. However, the general principles mentioned below will be applicable in all states.
Minimum conditions of habitability – landlord tenant rights – The landlord tenant rights guidelines in all states will require landlords to provide tenants with an apartment or rental property that meets certain basic conditions of habitability as set forth by the state governments. These conditions are usually referred to as warranty of habitability. Warranty of habitability simply means that the landlord must provide an apartment that is well heated, has hot and cold running water, is free of any infestations of any kind, with adequate weatherproofing, with good secure doors, windows and so on. Some tenants are unaware of this warranty of habitability and pay rent on apartments that are in very poor condition. However, technically, tenants like that could use their landlord tenant rights to demand that the landlord provide them with a better property to live in.
Rent increases – landlord tenant rights – Though landlords own the apartment, landlord tenant rights guidelines will not allow them to increase the rent as and when they please. There will usually be restrictions on when they can increase the rent. Typically, landlord tenant rights guidelines of the state will specify that a landlord can only increase rent at the end of a term lease. The only exception to this case is when the tenant is living on a month to month lease or a week to week lease. In cases like that, landlord tenant rights guidelines will allow the landlord to increase rent after providing one rent period as notice. The requirement for a notice period also applies to an increase in rent on a fixed term lease and the landlord tenant rights guidelines in various states will have various notice periods ranging from 30-120 days.
Privacy rights – landlord tenant rights- Another commonly abused set of landlord tenant rights are those of privacy. However, the landlord tenant rights guidelines are very clear on the issue of privacy. Most of the state’s landlord tenant rights guidelines specify that the landlord must provide a notice period before entering an apartment. This notice period will vary between 24 hours and 72 hours. This way, the tenant can enjoy their privacy and be prepared for an entry by the landlord who should have informed them about their entry. Also, landlord tenant rights guidelines will require that landlords have a valid reason to enter a property, such as inspections or repairs.